Science
Ocean Acidification, Causes and Environmental Influences

Ocean Acidification, Causes and Environmental Influences

Ocean acidification is, simply put, the change of the pH balance of the waters in our oceans. The pH levels of the ocean’s waters drop and this is because the water absorbs what is called anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.   Anthropogenic carbon dioxide is basically carbon dioxide produced by humans. This is because...
What is a Microclimate?

What is a Microclimate?

A microclimate, as the name implies, is a unique and “micro” climate found within a broader area with different climate conditions. A microclimate can be created naturally or purposefully through landscaping and building placement. One example of a microclimate is a small grove of planted trees. The trees retain more moisture and shade than the...
What are Deciduous Trees?

What are Deciduous Trees?

You’ve probably heard the word before, ‘deciduous’ but forgot it’s meaning. The definition of deciduous when it comes to trees is, ‘one that sheds it’s leaves annually’ or ‘tending to fall off’. In contrast to the evergreen, that keeps it’s green needles throughout the year, a deciduous tree goes through the winter looking a stark...
Why Do Trees Lose Their Leaves?

Why Do Trees Lose Their Leaves?

Piles of leaves are either a chore to clean up or a pleasure to jump into, depending who you are. Each fall, leaves throughout the world turn bright orange, red and yellows displaying the best of fall colors before losing their leaves and scattering the ground with a natural multch. It’s a natural pattern that...
What is Fermentation?

What is Fermentation?

Think of some of your favorite foods. Yogurt, bread, sauerkraut, pickles. Drinks? Beer, cider, kombucha. What do they have in common? They’re fermented. Fermentation not only makes food nutritious and tasty, it’s also an ancient form of food preservation, born from time-honored rituals that were practiced long before anyone could grasp microbiology. There is evidence...
Environmental Preservation, What it Means to All

Environmental Preservation, What it Means to All

The idea and principles of environmental preservation in the United States and in any part of the world is widely viewed as the act of setting aside precious and now-limited natural resources to avoid damage in any forms caused by man-made intervention. Such human demands on the environment include the use of freshwater, logging, mining...
What is Thermal Pollution?

What is Thermal Pollution?

The phenomenon known as thermal pollution may also be classified as a type of water pollution since it is an unfavorable change in the physical, chemical, and biological properties of a natural body of water due to a dramatic shift in temperature within that same body of water.   Whether the temperature of the water...
The Causes of Global Warming: Natural or Man Made?

The Causes of Global Warming: Natural or Man Made?

Global warming (also referred to as Climate Change) is a complex issue which is difficult to tease out the human and the non-human causes.  The precise causes of global warming are not crystal clear; whether humans are the cause, the Earth’s natural cycle or a combination of both is still being examined. Natural Causes of...
The Oldest Trees in the World

The Oldest Trees in the World

Trees bring vital benefits: they regulate the climate and air quality, they conserve water and form the habitat for many species of wildlife. Socially and economically there are numerous other benefits. It is astonishing to think, especially with the knowledge of the changing climate, that some trees have not only outlived our grandparents but the...
What are Evergreen Trees?

What are Evergreen Trees?

Evergreens define themselves. They keep their green branches all year round, unlike deciduous trees that drop their leaves during the fall in preparation for winter. Although their needle like straight leaves don’t fall off, they do shed throughout the year. The difference is that new leaves are grown as replacements. The shed needles fall to...
What Are Hardwood Trees?

What Are Hardwood Trees?

‘Hardwood  trees’ is a descriptive term and not a species of tree. As you guessed, these trees surely  have hardwood, excellent for furniture making, home construction, musical instruments such as the violin, and other needs where a natural and sturdy biomass is needed. Distinct from soft woods, hardwoods tend to come from deciduous trees such...
Where Does Coal Come From?

Where Does Coal Come From?

For hundreds of millions of years the world had no coal reserves. So where does coal come from now? Coal is a fossil fuel made from the carbon atoms locked up in plants that lived millions of years ago.   345 to 280 million years ago, the world was mostly covered with luxuriant vegetation which...